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Executive Function” – what does that mean?
The term Executive Function is used to refer to brain circuits that prioritize, integrate, and regulate other cognitive functions. Self regulating one’s thoughts, emotions, attention and actions into In a nutshell, ADHD is about not being able to organize and self-regulate one’s thoughts, emotions, attention and actions into something productive and useful for everyday life and the future There are 6 executive functions. They are all impaired in ADHD. (Activation, Focus, Effort, Memory, Action, Emotion). Downloadable PDF available here (created by experts from Belgium and Romania).
Articles & Research by Experts
What Is Executive Function? 7 Deficits Tied to ADHD – By Russell Barkley, Ph.D
What is executive function? The cognitive skills that help us plan, prioritize, and execute complex tasks are commonly tied to ADHD in children and adults. Here, ADHD authority Russell Barkley, Ph.D. explains how executive dysfunction originates in the ADHD brain and what these deficits typically look like. Full article here
Executive function impairments in high IQ children and adolescents with ADHD ~ Read more
DSM IV ADHD and executive function impairments ~ Read more
Comparison of Two Measures of Working Memory Impairments in 220 Adolescents and Adults With ADHD ~ Read more
ADHD and executive function impairments.
People with ADHD find it much more difficult to make themselves pay attention unless the task is one that is immediately interesting to them. An under- standing of the impairments experienced by persons with ADHD requires detailed clinical inquiry of indi- vidual patients regarding their performance in a vari- ety of tasks; absence of impairment in a few specific domains does not rule out ADHD diagnosis if the impairments are chronically present in most other areas of functioning.
Thomas E. Brown, Ph.D. in Johns Hopkins University Advanced Studies in Medicine (2002) Vol. 2 (25): pp. 910-914.
View the full ADHD and executive function impairments. research paper here
Executive Function & ADHD : Implications of two conflicting views
Increasingly ADD/ADHD is being seen as a disorder involving impairment of the brain’s management system, its executive functions. However, among researchers there are two very different viewpoints about how executive functions are involved in this disorder. Some see impaired executive functions as impaired in only about 30% of those with ADHD.
The alternative view, advocated by Dr. Brown and by Dr. Russell Barkley, claims that ADHD is essentially a name for developmentally impaired executive functions, that all those with ADHD have such impairments. The difference between these two views rests upon how executive functions are to be measured. This article describes the differing viewpoints and argues that the “ADHD = developmental impairment of executive functions” view is a more adequate way to understand what this disorder really involves.
Reprinted with permission from the March, 2006 issue of the International Journal of Disability, Development and Education.